Hanuman Chalisa

hanuman chalisaHanuman Chalisa
(many thanks to Kiran Jatania for providing English transliteration)


Shree Guru Charan Saroj Raj, Nij Man Mukar Sudhari,
Barnau Raghuvar Bimal Jasu, Jo dayaku Phal Chari
With the dust of Guru’s Lotus feet, I clean the mirror of my mind and then narrate the sacred glory of Sri Ram Chandra, The Supreme among the Raghu dynasty. The giver of the four attainments of life.

Budhi heen Tanu Janike, Sumirow, Pavan Kumar,
Bal Buddhi Vidya Dehu Mohi, Harahu Kalesh Bikaar
Knowing myself to be ignorent, I urge you, O Hanuman, The son of Pavan! O Lord! kindly Bestow on me strength, wisdom and knowledge, removing all my miseries and blemishes.



Jai Hanuman Gyan Guna Sagar
Jai Kipis Tihun Lok Ujagar

Victory of Thee, O Hanuman, Ocean of wisdom and virtue, victory to the Lord of the monkeys who is well known in all the three worlds

Ramdoot Atulit Bal Dhamaa,
Anjani Putra Pavansut naamaa.
You, the Divine messager of Ram and repository of immeasurable strength, are also known as Anjaniputra and known as the son of the wind – Pavanputra.

Maheveer Bikram Bajrangi,
Kumati Nivaar Sumati Ke Sangi.
Oh Hanumanji! You are valiant and brave, with a body like lightening. You are the dispeller of darkness of evil thoughts and companion of good sense and wisdom.

Kanchan Baran Biraaj Subesaa,
Kanan kundal kunchit kesa.

Shri Hanumanji’s physique is golden coloured. His dress is pretty, wearing ‘Kundals’ ear-rings and his hairs are long and curly.

Hath Bajra Aur Dhvaja Birjai,
Kandhe Moonj Janeu Saaje.
Shri Hanumanji is holding in one hand a lighting bolt and in the other a banner with sacred thread across his shoulder.

Shankar Suvan Kesari Nandan,
Tej Pratap Maha Jag Vandan.

Oh Hanumanji! You are the emanation of ‘SHIVA’ and you delight Shri Keshri.
Being ever effulgent, you and hold vast sway over the universe. You are worshipped and adored by all.

Vidyavaan Guni Ati Chatur,
Ram Kaj Karibe Ko Atur
Oh! Shri Hanumanji! You are the repository learning, virtuous, very wise and ever keen to do the work of Shri Ram,

Prabhu Charittra Sunibe Ko Rasiya,
Ram Lakhan Sita Man Basyia
You revel in listening to the stories of Lord Ram
You ever dwell in the hearts of Ram Sita and Lakshman.

Sukshma Roop Dhari Siyahi Dikhwana,
Bikat Roop Dhari Lank Jarawa

You appeared before Sita in a small form and spoke to her, while you assumed an awesome form and struck terror by setting Lanka on fire.

Bhim Roop Dhari Asur Sanhare,
Ramchandra Ke Kaaj Savare.

He, with his terrible form, killed demons in Lanka and performed the work of Shri Ramchandra.

Laye Sajivan Lakhan Jiyaye,
Shri Raghuvir Harashi Ur Laye.

When Hanumanji revived Lakshman alive after bringing ‘Sanjivni herb’ Shri Ram took him in his deep embrace, his heart full of joy.

Raghupati Kinhi Bahut Badaai,
Tum Mama Priya Bharat Sam Bahi.

Shri Ram lustily extolled Hanumanji’s excellence and remarked, “you are as dear to me as my own brother Bharat”

Sahastra Badan Tumharo Jas Gaave,
Asa Kahi Shripati Kanth Laagave.

Shri Ram embraced Hanumanji saying: “Let the thousand – tongued sheshnaag sing your glories”

Sankadik Brahmadi Muneesa,
Narad Sarad Sahit Aheesa

Sanak and the sages, Brahma, gods and the great saints,
Narada, Saraswati and the King of serpents

Yam Kuber Digpal Jahan Te,
Kabi Kabid Kahin Sake Kahan Te
…And even Gods like Yamraj, Kuber, and Digpal fail to narrate the breadth of Hanuman’s greatness.

Tum Upkar Sugrivahi Keenha,
Ram Miali Rajpad Deenha

Hanumanji! You rendered a great service for Sugriva, by uniting him with Shri Ram who installed him on the Royal Throne.

Tumharo Mantro Bibhishan Maana,
Lankeshwar Bhaye Sab Jag Jaana

By heeding your advice. Vibhushan became Lord of Lanka – this is known across the whole universe.

Yug Sahastra Jojan Par Bhanu
Leelyo Tahi Madhur Phal Janu
Though the sun is thousands of miles away,
You swallowed it, thinking it to be a sweet fruit.

Prabhu Mudrika Meli Mukh Mahee
Jaladhi Langhi Gaye Achraj Nahee
Holding the Lord’s ring in your mouth
It’s no surprise that you leapt over the ocean.

Durgaam kaj jagat ke jete
Sugam anugraha tumhre tete
Every difficult task in this world
Becomes easy by your grace.

Ram dware tum rakhvare
Hoat na agya binu paisare
You are the guardian at Ram’s door,
No one enters without your leave.

Sub sukh lahai tumhari sarna
Tum rakshak kahu ko dar na
Those who take refuge in you find all happiness
and those who you protect know no fear.

Aapan tej samharo aapai
Teenhon lok hank te kanpa
You alone can withstand your own splendor,
The three worlds tremble at your roar.

Bhoot pisach Nikat nahin aavai
Mahavir jab naam sunavai
Ghosts and goblins cannot come near,
When your name “Mahavir”, (he of great courage), is uttered.

Nase rog harai sab peera
Japat nirantar Hanumant beera
All disease and pain is eradicated,
Brave Hanuman, by constant repetition of your name.

Sankat se Hanuman chudavai
Man Karam Vachan dyan jo lavai
Hanuman releases from affliction
those who remember him in thought word and deed.

Sub par Ram tapasvee raja
Tin ke kaj sakal Tum saja
Ram, the ascetic, reigns over all,
but you carry out all his work.

Aur manorath jo koi lavai
Sohi amit jeevan phal pavai
One who comes to you with any yearning
obtains the abundance of the Four Fruits of Life.

Charon Yug partap tumhara
Hai persidh jagat ujiyara
Your splendor fills the four ages
your glory is renowned throughout the world.

Sadhu Sant ke tum Rakhware
Asur nikandan Ram dulhare
You are the guardian of saints and sages,
the destroyer of demons and the darling of Ram.

Ashta sidhi nav nidhi ke dhata
Us var deen Janki mata
You grant the eight powers and the nine treasures
by the boon you received from Mother Janaki.

Ram rasayan tumhare pasa
Sada raho Raghupati ke dasa
You hold the elixir of Ram’s name
and remain eternally his servant.

Tumhare bhajan Ram ko pavai
Janam janam ke dukh bisravai
Singing your praise, one finds Ram
and escapes the sorrows of countless lives.

Anth kaal Raghuvir pur jayee
Jahan janam Hari-Bakht Kahayee
At death one goes to Ram’s own city
or is born on the earth as God’s devotee.

Aur Devta Chit na dharehi
Hanumanth se hi sarve sukh karehi
Give no thought to any other deity,
worshipping Hanuman, one gains all delight.

Sankat kate mite sab peera
Jo sumirai Hanumat Balbeera
All affliction ceases and all pain is removed
by remembering the mighty Hanuman.

Jai Jai Jai Hanuman Gosain
Kripa Karahu Gurudev ki nyahin
Victory, Victory, Victory to Lord Hanuman!
Bestow your grace on me, as my Guru!

Jo sat bar path kare kohi
Chutahi bandhi maha sukh hohi
Whoever recites this a hundred times
is released from bondage and gains bliss.

Jo yah padhe Hanuman Chalisa
Hoye siddhi sakhi Gaureesa
One who reads this Hanuman Chaleesa
gains success, as Gauri’s Lord (Shiva) is witness.

Tulsidas sada hari chera
Keejai Das Hrdaye mein dera
Says Tulsi Das, who always remains Hari’s servant:
“Lord, make your home in my heart.”


Pavantnai sankat haran,
Mangal murti roop
Ram Lakhan Sita sahit,
Hrdaye basahu sur bhoop

Son of the Wind, destroyer of sorrow, embodiment of blessing,
Live in my heart, King of Gods, together with Ram, Lakshman and Sita.

About this bhajan

Of all the bhajans and prayers, the Hanuman Chalisa is probably one of the most powerful for me. Written by Shri Tulsidasji who also wrote the Ram Charitra Manas (or Tulsi Ramayan), it invokes and celebrates the spirit of Hanuman – the Lord’s ultimate and dearest devotee. Many people sing this either once daily, or repeat it 7 times or 108 times in a single sitting! The aim of this repetition is to allow a reflection on all the qualities of Hanuman described in each verse. We often become, or imitate, what we admire – the ultimate aim therefore is to create an environment in the mind where these qualities can develop and shine.
It is said that Hanuman was both a master of all 3 paths to the Lord: knowledge, devotion, and service. What better ideal to follow and revere than Him?

At an earlier stage as I reflected on Shree Hanuman, there was some confusion that arose. How is it possible that we can worship a figure who Himself is a disciple of the Lord? I eventually realised that we not only can, but we must. To not understand this is to not understand the concept of God in any other way that as “the Man in the Sky”, which He certainly is not. Advaita Vedanta teaches us that there is none other than God that exists. The only obstacle in helping us see this is ignorance of our true nature. If this ignorance is removed, then our individuality dissolves and we are at one with Him. This is the state we describe as “Enlightened”. From the description given above, it is evident that Hanuman was an Enlightened soul, and therefore at one with the Lord. It is this IDEAL that we seek.

One of my favourite stories is when Hanuman first meets Lord Ram. During their mutual introduction, Shri Ramchandra asks Hanuman, “What is your relationship to me?”. Hanuman’s splendid reply, which captures in the most perfect way the relationship between man and the Lord, is as follows:

deha-buddhya tu daso’smi jiva-buddhya tvadamshakah | atma-buddhya tvamevaham iti me nishcita matih ||
“As a body, I am your servant; as an individual soul, I am a part of you and you are the whole; as the Self, we both are one. This is my firm conviction!”

Swami Tejomayanandaji – head of the Chinmaya Mission – has written a beautiful commentary on the Chalisa giving the full meaning underlying each verse. It is very much worth a read. I have found an online version here:

Karpoora Gauram

Karpoora Gauram
(words and translation kindly contributed by Kiran Jatania)

karpoora gauram karunaavataaram samsaara saaram bhujagendra haaram

He is white like camphor and the very incarnation of mercy and compassion,
The only good thing in this world, wearing a king cobra as a garland

sadaavasantam hridayaara vinde bhavam bhavaani sahitam namaami

It is always springtime in the lotus of His heart.
I bow down to Bhava (Shiva), as well as to Bhavani (Parvati) who accompanies Him

About this prayer
Depicting Lord Shiva, this prayer, which is usually said at the end of an aarti, has a wonderful underlying message for us. As well as helping us to picture His form, it takes a particular reference to the king cobra that dresses Him as a garland.

Many great Vedantic scholars teach us that this cobra represents none other than our vasanas, or the roots of our desires. In our case, this cobra constantly attacks our mind, driving us to the satify these desires and and strengthen these vasanas. However, such is the purity and beautiful equanimity of Lord Shiva, that the mind is fully under His control. The mind is now no longer an enemy but a friend, pointing not towards the Lord but away from Him as his weapon and protector. So much so, that in fact it now becomes a decoration, His garland, leaving us ever more in awe of His splendour.

Radhe Govinda Ram

Radhe Govinda Ram, Radhe Govinda Ram

Bolo mara hari jano, Radhe Govinda Ram
Sing, my fellow seekers, Radhe Govinda Ram


Pal pal ayoush onchu thay che
Second by second, this life shortens,

Hari bhajavano a samay vayo jay che

As it does, our time to sing Hari’s glories disappears

Hari bhajan vina nathin aram,
Without singing His glory there is no peace

Bolo mara hari jano Radhe Govinda Ram


Sara natthara karamo kariya
We have done good deeds and bad deeds

Anhkar koti ma sarve bharya
In the body of the ego, these impressions have been contained

Anhkar chori thame bhajo Sita Ram
Throw away this ego and sing “Sita Ram”!

Bolo mara hari jano Radhe Govinda Ram


Chare yug ma avatar dharia
In each of the four Yugas (eras) we have worshipped His avatars

Lakhsh chorasi fera faria
We’ve travelled through the cycle of 84 lakh births (to reach here)

Ram bhajan vina nathin aram,
Without singing the glory of Ram there is no peace

Bolo mara hari jano Radhe Govinda Ram


Vo nahin karta, vo nahin bhogta
You reap what you sow

Karma taran far savne marta
We all receive the fruits of our actions according to karma

Das Vijay kahe Sita Ram,

Das Vijay sings “Sita Ram”

Bolo mara hari jano Radhe Govinda Ram

About this Bhajan
This bhajan, composed by Vijay Das is probably one of my favourite and was sung regularly by my grandfather, Shree Damji Devji Pattni. I find its words are entirely self-expanatory and so powerful in making one take a step backwards and “see the bigger picture”, both in terms of the nature and limitations of our own ego and from the perspective from karma. Lovingly surrender all to the Lord in an instant though just reciting His name. Shree Ram Jai Ram Jai Jai Ram!!

Achyutam Keshavam

Achyutam Keshavam Krishna Damodaram,
Rama naraynam Janaki-vallabham,

(praising the Lord Krishna, with different names of Vishnu)
Kaun kehta hai Bhagvan aate nahi
Tum Meera ke jaise bulate nahi,
… Achyutam …

Who says God does not come? You don’t call Him with the devotion of Meera

Kaun kehta hai Bhagvan khaate nahi,
Ber Shabri ke jaise khilate nahi, … Achyutam …

Who says God does not eat? You don’t feed him like how Shabari fed him

Kaun kehta hai Bhagvan Sote nahi,
Maa Yashoda ke jaise sulate nahin,
… Achyutam …

Who says God does not sleep? You don’t make him sleep like how Mother Yashoda did

Kaun kehta hai Bhagvan naachte nahi,
Tum Gopi ke jaise nachaate nahin, Achyutam…

Who says God does not dance? You don’t make him dance like how Gopis did


About this Bhajan
This wonderful bhajan is so simple and yet conveys such a beautiful message. We often expect the Lord to come running at our beck and call, but how often do we show Him the same unconditional love He shows us? If we show and live with the kind of love shown by these saints, surely we will see only His love any every word, every thought and every action. Their love did not ask for anything in return, but was simply expressed for what it was – whether it was the devotion of Meerabai, or the dance of the Gopis, this love was so intense that nothing else could possibly remain besides this love, and all other desires and impressions were eliminated. Through just their bhakti, they became one with Him.

Vaishnava jan

(This is one of my favourite bhajans, and one apparently listened to frequently by Mahatma Gandhi.)

Vaishnava jan

Vaishnava jan to tene kahiye, je peed paraayee jaNe re

He is the true Vaishnava who knows and feels another’s suffering as his own.

Par dukkhe upkar kare toye, man abhiman na aaNe re
While he serves those who are suffering, he does not entertain pride in his mind about it.


SakaL lok maan sahune vande, nindaa na kare keni re
He respects everyone, and denounces nobody.

Vaach-kaachch-man nischal raakhe, dhan dhan janani teni re
He keeps his speech, deeds, and thoughts pure; blessed is his mother.

Sam-drushti ne trishNaa tyaagi, parastree jene maat re
Viewing all equally, he rids himself of covetousness, and reveres every woman as though she were his mother.

Jihvaa thake, asatya na bole, par-dhan nava jhaale haath re
His tongue would fail him if he were to attempt to speak an untruth. He does not covet another person’s wealth.

Moh-maayaa vyaape nahin jene, draDh vairagya jena manmaa re
Material attachments do not occupy his mind, it being deeply rooted in renunciation.

Raam-naam shu taaLE laagi, sakaL teerath tena tanmaa re
Every moment he is intent on reciting the name of Rama. All the holy places are ever present in his body.

VaNa lobhi ne kapat rahit chhe, kaam krodh nivaarya re
He has conquered greed, deceit, lust, and anger.

BhaNe Narsaiyyo tenu darshan karata, kuL ekoter tarya re
Says Narsi, the sight of such a Vaishnava saves a family through seventy-one generations.


About this bhajan
A beautiful Gujarati poem written by Narsi Metha, this bhajan attempts to describe all the qualities in a man of god, or “vaishnav”. Most striking is the chorus – he who understands and feels another’s suffering as his own and acts on this without any sense of ego. To such a man, helping others is not defined in his mind as “social work”. It is his Lord’s work.

I mentioned above that Gandhiji was fond of this bhajan. Seeing his life, his work, and his struggles, I find it hard to imagine that it is not him being described in these verses.

Prabhuji, Tum Chandan, Hum Pani

Prabhuji, Tum Chandan, Hum Pani
Jaaki Ang Ang Baas Samaani

Prabhuji, you are the chandan (sandalwood paste), I am the water
Only by merging with you is the sandalwood fragrance released

Prabhuji, Tum Ghan, Ban Hum Mora

Jaise Chitwat Chand Chakora

Prabhuji, you are the thundering clouds, I become a peacock (that longs to dance to the rain)
(or) Like the chakora bird who longs to see the moon…

Prabhuji, Tum Moti, Hum Dhaga

Jaise Sonhe Milat Suhaga

Prabhuji, you are like a pearl and I am the string (losing its identity in a rosary of pearls)
Gold has no fragrance of its own, despite being so beautiful. It would therefore become even more beautiful by gaining a fragrance (sonhe me suhaga). Through losing myself in you this gold (I), gains its fragrance.

Prabhuji, Tum Deepak Hum Baati,
Jaaki Jyoti Barai Dini Raati

Prabhuji, you are like the diya and I am the burning wick
Together we create the flame (light) which burns night and day

Prabhuji, Tum Swami, Hum Dasa

Aisi Bhakti Karai Raidasa

Prabhuji, you are Swami, and I am your servant
This way of devotion is followed by Raidasa

About this bhajan
This beautiul bhajan was composed by Raidasa, the guru of Mirabai. Through a string of colourful metaphors, he shows the non-duality between man and God. With remarkable delicacy he even explains the yearning for the jiva and atman for each other and their dependancy on each other to produce the vibrant and full expression of the Lord.

It has been sung wonderfully by Anup Jalota.
You can view it on youtube here.

Kya Sunder Tera Naam

Nārāyan….. Nārāyan…..
ārāyan, Nārāyan, kyā sunder térā nāam

Narayan, Narayan, how sweet is your name

Svāsé svāsé sumiran karilé, vrath svās math khoi
ā bharosā svāsa kā, yā phir āvan hoi na hoi

Breath by breath remember his name, waste not a single breath
What trust is there in breath, that another breath will come

āvan mé gopio, gāyun, vyuksh bolé nāam
ā Krishnā, Rādhā vallabh, murli manohar Shyām

In Vrindavan, gopis, cows, and trees whisper his name
Krishna Krishna, Radha’s love, Shyam to whose flute the mind is lost

Draupadi n
é jab tumhé pukārā sāari āane badāi
āam ke lekar vish bi piy gaya, dekho Mirā bāi

When Drapuadi remembered your name, her saari become eternally long
Taking your name she even drank poison, our beloved Mirabai

ām bolun yā Shyām bolun, ék vinanthi hé
Janam janam m
é térā sunder nāam ratthé rahengé

Whether I sing Ram or I sing Shyam, I have only one wish
(that) For every life I am reborn, your sweet name stays on my lips

About this bhajan
This is a bhajan I have written, or should really say assembled as I have borrowed many of the words from some beautiful written works or bhajans. The first verse is taken from a book called Hari Ras (as sung by Shree Navin Pattni). The third verse is also from a bhajan written by Narsi Metha – “Shree Radhe Govinda”.

[EDIT] Listen to the track
You can hear a recording of this track that was done in 2017: